The specific language in the Constitution that established the doctrine of Enumerated Powers is found in Article 1, Section 8, as follows, “the powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people.” The purpose of this principle is to limit the power of government and to ensure that the people are the ultimate authority in governing themselves. The above graphics illustrate the concept. We are all connected through different levels of government, but the key point is that there is certain jurisdictional authority, obligation, and responsibility, exclusive to each jurisdictional level. We do not all operate inside the sphere of the federal government. Jurisdictional authority dictates exclusivity of power. Otherwise, without this defined authority, we are nothing more than citizens totally beholden to a king. A king or government which decides how services should be provided to the people will also decide priorities and the extent of liberty for the people.